Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness

Presented in Association with the
Western New Mexico University Department of Natural Sciences

Euphorbiaceae
(Euphorbia Family)


The Euphorbiaceae, known as the Euphorbia or Spurge Family, have a curious flower structure, born in a structure called the "cyathium." Colorful bracts, easily mis-identified as petals or sepals, are common surrounding the male and female flowers. The flowers are usually unisexual, but the staminate flowers may be immediately surrounding the female flower. The ovary may be borne on a stalk and appear to be suspended away from the rest of the flower. The Poinsettia is a well-known member of the Euphorbiaceae.

Acalypha lindheimeri (Lindheimer's Copperleaf)
Acalypha neomexicana (Acalypha)
Chamaesyce albomarginata (Rattlesnake Weed)
Chamaesyce arizonica (Arizona Spurge)
Chamaesyce hyssopifolia (Hyssop Leaf Spurge)
Chamaesyce indivisa (Royal Spurge)
Chamaesyce micromera (Desert Spurge)
Chamaesyce prostrata (Prostrate Spurge)
Chamaesyce revoluta (Curl Leaf Spurge)
Chamaesyce serpyllifolia (Thyme Leaf Spurge)
Chamaesyce setiloba (Shaggy Spurge)
Chamaesyce stictospora (Slim Seed Spurge)
Chamaesyce vermiculata (Worm Seed Spurge)
Croton dioicus (Hierba del gato)
Croton pottsii (Leatherweed)
Croton texensis (Texas Croton)
Ditaxis cyanophylla (Silverbush)
Euphorbia alta (Tall Spurge)
Euphorbia bifurcata (Wooton's Spurge)
Euphorbia bilobata (Black Seed Spurge)
Euphorbia brachycera (Horned Spurge)
Euphorbia cuphosperma (Hairy Fruit Poinsettia)
Euphorbia davidii (David's Poinsettia)
Euphorbia exstipulata (Square Seed Spurge)
Tragia ramosa (Noseburn)


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